Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. It’s the second-largest landlocked country in the world; second-only to Ethiopia.
Uganda is bordered by Kenya, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Tanzania.
Uganda falls within the Great Lakes region of Africa; with one-quarter of its land surface made up of lakes and rivers. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and a large portion of it is located in Uganda. It’s fed by the Nile River.
The estimated population of Uganda is 44.8 million. What is striking is about half of its population is 14 years and younger.
The United Nations estimates there are 52 ethic tribal groups in Uganda
The official languages of Uganda are English and Swahili, although the majority of people speak Luganda. English is spoken in Uganda with a very different dialect and is quite different to what you’ll hear in the rest of the world. It’s referred to as ‘Uglish’.
One third (33%) of Ugandans practice Roman Catholicism and the other third are Protestants.
Agriculture accounts for one-quarter of Uganda’s GDP with tea, tobacco and cotton being the three major cash crops. Uganda is the second-largest producer of bananas in the world, second only to India. The country produces an estimated 11 million tons of bananas annually.
Coffee is the main export product of Uganda, although it’s mainly exported to other countries in Africa rather than countries in Europe and the Americas.
The bird features on the country’s flag is the Grey Crowned Crane which is the national animal of Uganda.
Uganda is home to approximately 5 000 chimpanzees which is more than any other country in East Africa.
For every tree cut down in Uganda, three more are planted. Uganda is suffering from the effects of severe deforestation and the government has implemented projects to stop the problem. It’s extremely important that the forests of Uganda are protected as they are home to many rare and endangered species, including chimpanzees and gorillas as well as endemic birds, plants and flowers.
Uganda has 6.8% of the world’s butterfly species. Their natural habitats include the open savanna plains and the Rwenzori Mountains. Butterfly tours are one of the many fascinating things to do in Uganda.
The largest volcano base in the world in located in Uganda. The base of Mount Elgon is so large that it supports its own very large ecosystem and where you’ll find the Mount Elgon National Park. It’s a popular tourist destination in Uganda for hikes which take outdoor adventurers through lush forests that are home to over 300 bird species and an array of animals that include elephants, leopards, buffalo and bush pigs